Altitude Sickness on Kilimanjaro Mountain

Many people travel to Tanzania in hopes of summiting Mount Kilimanjaro, the tallest freestanding mountain in the world with its five volcanic cones reaching above 5000 meters (16,500 feet). With 90% of the mountain being above 1500 meters (5000 feet), high altitude trekking can pose some serious health risks, particularly Altitude Sickness which can be fatal if left untreated. Here are some tips to avoid Altitude Sickness on Kilimanjaro Mountain and how to treat it if you do get it.

Symptoms of Altitude Sickness on Kilimanjaro Mountain

In order to understand altitude sickness, it’s important to know what symptoms to look for. The most common symptoms of altitude sickness include:

  • headache
  • fatigue
  • insomnia
  • loss of appetite
  • shortness of breath (dyspnea)
  • difficulty sleeping (insomnia)
  • nausea and vomiting
  • dizziness and lightheadedness,
  • ncreased urination
  • rapid heart rate (tachycardia).

All of these symptoms have a lot in common with severe acute mountain sickness: HACE or high-altitude cerebral edema which can lead to death as well as AMS or high-altitude pulmonary edema which is highly dangerous if left untreated and can cause extreme respiratory distress that could result in death.

Prevention tips while climbing Mt. Kilimanjaro

3 Tips for climbing kilimanjaro
If you’re planning on climbing Mount Kilimanjaro, you might want to think about bringing some of these tips along with you:

  • 1. Learn about altitude sickness ; If you’re used to being around sea level, climbing up a mountain that’s 19,340 feet above sea level can be pretty dangerous. That’s why it’s important that you prepare by learning as much as possible about altitude sickness and its symptoms. This will help your doctor know what treatment (if any) he needs to administer for your climb.
  • 2. Work on your cadence : Maintain a similar cadence as you climb
  • 3. Choose the Best Route for Your Capabilities

10 most popular things in Tanzania

You’ve probably heard of Tanzania before; after all, the East African country is one of the most popular places to visit in Africa, and with good reason! It’s the type of place where you can enjoy wildlife safaris, swim in hot springs, and even hike Mount Kilimanjaro — all while never even having to leave the same country! It’s also known for its famous national parks, including Tarangire National Park and Ngorongoro Crater. In fact, here are the 10 most popular things in Tanzania!

1. The Great Migration

Africa is home of an incredible wildlife experiences, but few can rival the stunning spectacle of the Great Migration. This spectacular event sees over a million wildebeest traverse the vast plains of the Serengeti, driven by the need to find fresh grazing land and navigate the many dangers that lie in their path.

7 Day The Great Serengeti Migration safari

2. Zanzibar the Spice Island

From spice plantations to Arab-style architecture, Zanzibar has a lot to offer visitors. Whether you’re looking for a romantic beach vacation or want to see some famous historical sites, you can find it here. Some popular things to do are: visit spice plantations, go swimming in Stone Town (Zanzibar’s old city), and enjoy a meal at one of many quaint restaurants throughout the islands. There are plenty more options, so take some time to explore and check out what Tanzania is known for!

8 Days Safari in Tanzania and Zanzibar Beach Holiday

3. Mount Kilimanjaro

Located in the northeastern part of Tanzania, Kilimanjaro is Africa’s highest mountain and can be seen from as far away as Kenya. This majestic peak is more than just a geographical landmark, however – it is also a powerful symbol of life and vitality for the local Chagga people, who have long relied on its rich volcanic soils for agriculture and its pure spring waters for sustenance. Despite the fact that 75,000 people climb Kilimanjaro each year, the mountain remains a truly awe-inspiring sight to behold. While it may not be the most untouched or arduous mountain, it is still an incredible challenge for anyone with even a passing interest in mountaineering. Whether you’re a seasoned climber or just looking to push yourself to new heights, Kilimanjaro is an unforgettable experience that is not to be missed.

Africa bucket list

4. Most popular things in Tanzania, visit Serengeti National Park

The vast and treeless Serengeti National Park is home to millions of animals who roam in search of new grasslands. While many of the well-known African animals can be seen here, the park is most famous for the yearly wildebeest migration.

Starting in May or early June, over 1.5 million wildebeest, as well as tens of thousands of zebra and gazelle, embark on their annual migration, making it one of nature’s most impressive spectacles. The Serengeti is also a birdwatcher’s paradise, with nearly 500 different species calling it home.

Tens of thousands of tourists flock to Tanzania’s second-largest national park every year to witness the migration and observe the park’s incredible biodiversity. The best months to see wildlife are from June to September.

Beyond the Serengeti, Tanzania offers a wealth of attractions for visitors. Climbing Mount Kilimanjaro, the highest peak in Africa, is a bucket-list adventure. The beautiful island of Zanzibar, with its white sand beaches and historic Stone Town, is a popular destination for relaxation and exploration. The Ngorongoro Crater, a UNESCO World Heritage site, is another must-see, boasting an incredible concentration of wildlife.

Other highlights include Lake Victoria, the largest lake in Africa, and the Selous Game Reserve, a vast protected area that is home to elephants, lions, and crocodiles. Whether you’re a wildlife enthusiast, adventurer, or beach lover, Tanzania has something to offer everyone.

5. Ngorongoro Crater

A jewel in Tanzania’s crown is the Ngorongoro crater , the world’s largest intact volcanic caldera and haven to a wondrous array of animal life which makes the crater a “must do” on any visit to Tanzania. The backdrop of the crater walls makes for some stunning photographic opportunities as you see the animals wander through the grasslands on the crater floor towards the lake.

6. Stone Town, Zanzibar Island

You’ve probably heard of Stone Town, which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The town is one of Tanzania’s most popular tourist destinations, largely because it has so much history: it was once a trading post and home to many wealthy Arabs. Today, visitors can explore centuries-old buildings, go on tours around town or shop for spices, colorful clothes and fabrics. Aside from Stone Town, there are plenty more things to do in Tanzania—including getting an up-close look at great wildlife. Many people visit Tanzania for safaris to see elephants and rhinos as well as lions, hippos and leopards.

7. The Maasai People

The Maasai people of East Africa make their homes on the semi-arid and arid lands along the Great Rift Valley in southern Kenya and northern Tanzania. These proud and vibrant people are renowned for their distinctive red cloth garments, known as Shukas, as well as their lively customs and traditions.

Despite the challenges of their environment, the Maasai people are always ready to welcome visitors to their communities, offering a glimpse into their rich and fascinating way of life. Whether you’re interested in learning about their traditional ceremonies and rituals or simply want to immerse yourself in the rhythms of Maasai culture, a visit to this part of East Africa is an unforgettable experience that is not to be missed.

8. Geita Gold Mine

Tanzania’s Geita gold mine is one of Africa’s largest, and it’s no wonder why so many people are attracted to it. Gold prices are high—making Tanzania a perfect location for investment. In 2016, a 100-ton (90 metric ton) gold nugget was discovered at Geita, which set all-time records for both gold weight and purity. In just one year, gold prices went from $1,040 per ounce to more than $1,300; putting mines like Geita’s at an all-time high. The country has already made huge investments into its mining industry; and seems poised to continue producing more resources as demand rises worldwide.

9. Lake Manyara National Park is famous for its tree-climbing lions

Lake Manyara National Park is one of the smaller parks in Tanzania. However, this does not mean it’s less important.

Apart from the amazing scenery, the park is well-known for its tree-climbing lions. You may also get a chance to see elephant families move through the forest.

10. Lake Tanganyika

The ninth largest lake in the world and second deepest is an incredible feat of nature that offers Tanzania a wealth of natural resources; including fish, forests, and minerals. Tanzania is one of only two countries on Earth that share borders with just one other country. In fact, nearly three-quarters of Tanzania’s eastern border runs along Lake Tanganyika; so it’s no surprise that fishing plays such a large role in local economies. For example, there are more than 1,000 freshwater fish species living in Lake Tanganyika!

Tanzania vaccination Requirements

Your trip to Tanzania is almost here; and you’re excited to start exploring the Serengeti National Park or Ngorongoro Crater; but before you go, it’s important to learn about Tanzania vaccination requirements! Here’s what you need to know before traveling to Tanzania; including when and where to get your vaccinations and the side effects you may experience after your shots. Read on to learn more!

Mandatory Requirements for Entering Tanzania and Zanzibar 

Contrary to popular belief among travelers, there are no special vaccinations required for individuals entering Tanzania from the United States, the United Kingdom, the European Union, or most other countries worldwide

Important Information Regarding Yellow Fever

Please note that there is an exception to the general vaccination requirement for entry into Tanzania. If you are from or have recently visited a country that is considered at-risk for Yellow Fever, you will be required to provide proof of a Yellow Fever vaccination upon entry to Tanzania. However, if you do not have this vaccination, you may obtain it upon arrival as you pass through immigration.

It’s worth noting that Yellow Fever vaccination has been a strict requirement for many years and continues to be the most commonly requested vaccination for entry into Tanzania. If you have not recently visited an at-risk country for Yellow Fever, then you do not need to provide proof of vaccination

Tanzania Vaccination Requirements: Covid vaccines

If you have received a COVID-19 vaccine, it is mandatory to present a certificate of immunization upon arrival in Tanzania. However, if you have not been vaccinated, you may instead provide proof of a negative PCR test result. In such cases, it is necessary that the PCR test was conducted no more than 72 hours prior to your arrival in Tanzania

Tanzania Vaccination Requirements: measures to Prevent Malaria

If you are planning an extended stay in areas of Tanzania where the risk of contracting malaria is high, it is advisable to take precautions against this mosquito-borne disease. These measures are typically recommended for individuals planning long-term travel across Africa, rather than just one country, or for those intending to reside and work in Tanzania.

Additionally, some travelers who are going on a safari, mountain climbing, or beach holiday in Tanzania may consider taking medication to prevent malaria. This is a sensible precaution to ensure that an unfortunate mosquito bite does not spoil your vacation

Hadzabe tribe tanzania

Best time to visit Tanzania

Best time to visit Tanzania

The best time to visit Tanzania is during the long dry season which runs from July to September. This time is perfect for safaris, trekking, beach holidays in Zanzibar

The best time to visit Tanzania is during the long dry season which runs from July to September. This time is perfect for safaris, trekking, beach holidays in Zanzibar, and witnessing the Great Migration. However, this period is the peak travel season, so it may be crowded, and prices for accommodation, lodges, and parks can be higher.

If you prefer a more peaceful experience, you may consider visiting during the short rainy season which falls from the end of October to December. However, it’s important to note that there may be some rainfall during this time, so it’s best to pack accordingly.

It’s best to avoid visiting during the long rainy season which runs from April to May. Heavy and sudden rains may lead to the cancellation of activities

When is the best time to visit Tanzania?

Here’s a monthly guide to what you can expect through the year in Tanzania. Remember that some events straddle the months, and all events are subject to change.

Best time to visit Tanzania
the masai tribe in Tanzania

The Pros and Cons of Visiting Tanzania

Tanzania is a popular travel destination in East Africa known for its stunning natural beauty and diverse wildlife. When planning a trip to Tanzania, one of the most important factors to consider is the timing of your visit. Tanzania has both high and low seasons for tourism, each with its own advantages and disadvantages. In this article, we’ll explore the pros and cons of visiting Tanzania during high and low season.

Climb Mount Kilimanjaro

Best Time to visit Tanzania for a climb

Tanzania is not only famous for its wildlife safaris but also for its breathtaking mountains and scenic hiking trails. If you’re a nature lover and looking for a memorable adventure, Tanzania’s mountains offer some of the most stunning views in Africa. However, the best time to visit Tanzania for hiking and climbing varies depending on the specific mountain and your preferences. In this article, we’ll explore the best time to visit Tanzania for hiking and climbing.

Want to visit Tanzania ?

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Best time for a safari in Tanzania

When is the Best time for a Safari in Tanzania?

If you’re planning a safari in Tanzania, the best time for a Safari in Tanzania is during the dry season, which usually lasts from late June to October. Tanzania has two distinct rainy seasons, the ‘long rains’ from April to May and the ‘short rains’ from November to December. During the long rains, there can be heavy tropical downpours in the afternoons which may cause some safari camps to close. The short rains usually bring only brief showers.

Tanzania’s safari areas typically experience warm days and cool evenings year-round, with the exception of Mount Kilimanjaro and Mount Meru, where temperatures can drop below freezing. Meanwhile, the country’s coastal and lakeside regions tend to be hot and humid.

If you’re a first-time safari-goer, the dry season is generally the best time to visit Tanzania as wildlife is easier to spot and track. That being said, the ideal time to visit will depend on your interests and where you want to go. Understanding the difference between Tanzania’s safari high season and low season can help you plan your trip accordingly.

Month by Month Guide for a Safari in Tanzania:

The weather is generally hot and dry, and it’s a great time to see wildlife in the southern and western parks of Tanzania, including Serengeti, Ngorongoro, and Selous. It’s also a good time for bird watching.

It’s still hot and dry in most of Tanzania, and it’s a great time to see the wildebeest migration in the Serengeti.

The weather starts to cool down, and there might be some rain, especially in the northern parks like Tarangire and Arusha. It’s still a great time to see the wildebeest migration in the Serengeti.

The long rains begin in Tanzania, and most parks become inaccessible due to muddy roads. However, this is a great time to visit the southern parks like Selous and Ruaha, which remain accessible and have great bird watching opportunities.

The rains continue, and most parks are still inaccessible. However, the green season is a great time for bird watching, and you can see many migratory birds in the northern parks like Lake Manyara.

The weather starts to dry up, and the wildebeest migration starts moving towards the western corridor of the Serengeti. It’s a great time to see the migration, as well as predators like lions and leopards.

The weather is dry, and the wildebeest migration is in full swing in the Serengeti. It’s also a great time to see other wildlife, like elephants and giraffes.

The weather is still dry, and the wildebeest migration is still in the western corridor of the Serengeti. It’s a great time to see predators like lions, cheetahs, and hyenas.

The weather starts to warm up, and the wildebeest migration starts moving towards the northern Serengeti and Masai Mara. It’s a great time to see river crossings and predators like crocodiles

The weather is warm and dry, and the wildebeest migration is still in the northern Serengeti and Masai Mara. It’s a great time to see predators like lions and leopards.

The short rains start in Tanzania, and the wildebeest migration starts moving towards the southern Serengeti. It’s a great time to see newborn animals like zebras and gazelles.

The weather is warm and wet, and the wildebeest migration is in the southern Serengeti. It’s also a great time to see predators like lions and cheetahs. However, some parks may be inaccessible due to the rains.

There are numerous factors to consider when planning your safari in Tanzania, but one of the most important things to keep in mind is the best time to visit. Wildlife viewing opportunities are optimal during different seasons, depending on where you plan to stay and what you want to see on your vacation. To ensure that you make the most of your time in Tanzania, read on to learn more about the best time for a safari in Tanzania.

Dry Season: Pros and Cons

✓ Favourable weather

✓ Abundance of Wildlife

✓ Scenery looks like many images of Africa; vast, dry grasslands and animals around watering holes

✓ Holiday Seasons, and when most visitors have time-off

✓ Good weather for an evening swim in the swimming pool at your hotel/lodge

✓ Suggested time for a family vacation or honeymoon

✓ Popular tourist time

✖︎ Parks may feel more crowded/busy

✖︎ Accommodations are full-price (no discounts)

✖︎ The end of the dry season may be dusty – bring a bandana or handkerchief to help.

Rainy Season: Pros and Cons

✓ See Africa in a new way! Tropical climate with green forests and active animals

✓ Photographers especially enjoy capturing wildlife during the rainy season, and the contrast of colors looks amazing.

✓ Guests may receive low-season discounts

✓ Parks are not crowded and guests feel they are on a private adventure

✖︎ Some park roads may be inaccessible

✖︎ Likely to experience some wet days – but it does not rain all day and typically there is significant sun at some point each day

✖︎ Bring a rain jacket and shoes that are water resistant for your comfort

✖︎ In some parks the animals are more dispersed during the rainy season

When to See the Wildebeest Migration in the Serengeti

The wildebeest migration is an incredible natural phenomenon that takes place in the Serengeti ecosystem of Tanzania and Kenya every year. The exact timing of the migration can vary depending on the rainfall patterns and other environmental factors, but generally, the best time to see the wildebeest migration in the Serengeti is from July to October.

During this time, the wildebeest are usually crossing the Grumeti and Mara rivers, which can be a spectacular sight. The migration also provides opportunities to see predators such as lions, leopards, and cheetahs preying on the migrating herds.

Check out our article about the best time to view the migration safari.

Safari in Tanzania

Best time to visit the great migration safari

The Great Migration is one of the most spectacular wildlife events in the world, and it happens every year in Tanzania. Millions of wildebeest, zebras, and other grazing animals move from the Serengeti National Park in Tanzania to the Maasai Mara National Reserve in Kenya and back again, in search of fresh grazing land and water.

Witnessing the Great Migration is a once-in-a-lifetime experience that should not be missed on your Tanzania safari. Here are some tips to help you plan your trip:

  1. Timing: The Great Migration takes place year-round, but the best time to witness it is from July to October, when the animals are crossing the Mara River. This is also the dry season, so it’s a great time for wildlife viewing in general.
  2. Location: The Great Migration covers a vast area, so it’s important to choose the right location to witness it. The northern Serengeti is the best place to see the river crossings, while the southern Serengeti is a great place to witness the calving season in February and March.
  3. Accommodations: There are a variety of accommodations available for witnessing the Great Migration, ranging from luxury lodges to mobile camps. It’s important to book your accommodations well in advance, especially during peak season.
  4. Safari activities: In addition to witnessing the Great Migration, there are a variety of other safari activities you can enjoy in Tanzania, such as game drives, walking safaris, and hot air balloon rides.
  5. Responsible tourism: It’s important to choose a responsible tour operator that follows ethical and sustainable practices, and to respect the wildlife and environment while on safari.

With these tips in mind, you can plan a once-in-a-lifetime Tanzania safari experience and witness the spectacular Great Migration for yourself.

The best time to see the Great Migration safari each month

The Great Migration safari is a natural spectacle that takes place year-round, as the herds of wildebeest, zebras, and other animals traverse vast distances in search of food and water. Depending on your preferences and the specific aspects of the migration that you want to witness, there are certain times of the year that may be better suited for your safari. With four distinct seasons, each with its own unique highlights, there’s always something incredible to see.

To help you plan your journey, we’ve put together a month-by-month breakdown of the Great Migration. Whether you want to witness the breathtaking river crossings or the newborn calves taking their first steps, there are countless unforgettable moments waiting for you in the Serengeti. So whether you choose to visit during the calving season in the south or follow the herds as they make their way north, get ready for an experience you’ll never forget.

the Great Migration Safari
the Great Migration Safari

The Great Migration safari seasons

Witnessing the Great Migration is an awe-inspiring experience that can be enjoyed throughout the year. While historical migration patterns can provide some indication of where the herds may be at a given time, the unpredictability of rainfall – which is crucial for the growth of the grasses that the wildebeest rely on – means that the herds’ movements can be somewhat unpredictable.

At Asilia, our camps are situated along the migration route, which affords our guests the best possible opportunity to observe this natural spectacle up close during their safari. Whether you’re hoping to witness the mass calving of over 500,000 wildebeest in the southern Serengeti during the months of January through March, or catch a glimpse of the herds as they cross the Mara River during the dry season, our expert guides will help ensure that your experience of the Great Migration is both unforgettable and informed.

Learn more below about the different season of the Great Migration: 

January – March :great migration

During January to March, the Great Migration continues with the herds congregating in the southern Serengeti and the westernmost regions of the Ngorongoro Conservation Area. This is the calving season, where an estimated 500,000 calves are born within a two- to three-week window in February. The southern plains are lush with fresh, sweet grasses during December and January, providing abundant grazing for the wildebeest in preparation for the birth of the new calves. In February, over 80% of fertile female wildebeest drop their calves within a few weeks of each other, resulting in over 500,000 tiny wildebeest dotting the plains. This draws a staggering number of predators eager to prey on the vulnerable newborns. In March, the wildebeest are still occupying the southern area of the park, but they start preparing to move north as the plains dry out.

April to mid-June: season of the trek north

As the rainy season draws to a close, the Great Migration sets out on its journey northwards towards the central Serengeti, where lush green grass awaits them. The wildebeest move slowly, stopping to graze and nurture their young along the way. The mating season also begins, as male wildebeest battle fiercely for a mate. The journey continues as some herds veer westwards, crossing the Grumeti River and entering the Western Corridor.

In April, the migration is in full swing, as the herds make their way steadily through the central region of the park, with occasional stops to graze. By May, the impressive columns of wildebeest, stretching for several kilometers, can be seen flooding the Moru Kopjes in the central area. In the first half of June, large numbers of wildebeest congregate on the southern banks of the Grumeti River in the Western Serengeti, gearing up to face their first obstacle – crossing the treacherous river, teeming with crocodiles.

Mid-June to November: Great Migration River Crossing Season

As the dry season approaches, the Great Migration gains momentum and the herds start their journey north towards the Northern Serengeti and Kenya’s Masai Mara. The highly-anticipated river crossings, considered the most thrilling event of the migration, usually begin in July but the exact timing is influenced by the unpredictable rains.

In the Northern Serengeti and Masai Mara, massive herds of wildebeest can be found on a daily basis, making dramatic river crossings at the Mara and Talek rivers. Later in the year, the herds will cross back to the Serengeti from the Mara and head south towards the now fertile southern Serengeti. The herds can travel vast distances in a single day, and by early December, they start returning to Ndutu to calve, marking the beginning of the whole migration cycle once again.

August is a crucial month for the wildebeest, as they face the second challenge of their trek: the Great Mara River. Many will perish, but the thousands of calves that are born more than make up for the losses. In September, the herds concentrate mostly in the Maasai Mara, the northernmost point of their journey, but many remain in the Serengeti. By October, the wildebeest must face the swollen waters of the Mara River again as they cross on their journey back south. November brings the short rains, driving the herds down south to the lush grasses of the Serengeti, completing the yearly cycle of the Great Migration.

If you are in to a safari in Tanzania, find out here our best selection of safaris expeditions.

Safari in Tanzania

What to wear on a Tanzania safari

What to wear on a Tanzania safari

What to wear on a Tanzania safari Suggestions 

Preparing what to wear on your upcoming safari in Tanzania doesn’t have to be complicated. Our clothing recommendations are suitable for all seasons during a Tanzania safari. However, if you’re planning to climb Mount Kilimanjaro or visiting the renowned beaches of Zanzibar, there are different guidelines to consider.


The best months for wildlife viewing in Tanzania fall within the Dry season, which extends from late June to October. If you wish to witness the spectacular wildebeest migration in the Serengeti, plan your visit for June and July. For the wildebeest calving, the best time is late January to February. Tanzania’s main rainy season, often referred to as the ‘long rains,’ occurs in March, April, and May.

Recommended Safari Clothes

Tanzania is a beautiful country with a diverse range of climates, so it’s important to pack the right clothes for your safari. Here are some tips on what to wear to stay comfortable and protected while you’re exploring the wilds of Tanzania:

  • Layers are key. The weather can change quickly in Tanzania, so it’s important to be able to add or remove layers as needed. A good base layer of long-sleeved shirts and pants will help you stay warm in the morning and evening, and you can add a fleece jacket or sweater if it gets chilly. In the afternoon, you may want to shed some layers if it gets warm.
  • Choose neutral colors. Tsetse flies are attracted to dark colors, so it’s best to avoid wearing black, navy, or dark brown. Stick to neutral colors like khaki, beige, or olive green.
  • Wear long pants and long sleeves. This will help protect you from the sun, insects, and thorns. If you do wear shorts, make sure they’re at least knee-length.
  • Bring a hat and sunglasses. These are essential for protecting yourself from the sun.
  • Bring sunscreen. This is especially important if you’re going to be spending time in the sun.
  • Bring insect repellent. This is essential for preventing mosquito bites, which can transmit malaria and other diseases.
  • Wear comfortable shoes. You’ll be doing a lot of walking on your safari, so make sure you have comfortable shoes that will protect your feet from the heat, dirt, and rocks.

More detailed packing list of what to wear on a Tanzania safari:


  • Tops: Long-sleeved shirts, tank tops, fleece jacket or sweater, scarf
  • Bottoms: Long pants, shorts (at least knee-length), skirts (at least knee-length)
  • Shoes: Comfortable walking shoes, sandals or flip-flops
  • Hat: Wide-brimmed hat
  • Sunglasses: Sunglasses with 100% UV protection
  • Sunscreen: Sunscreen with SPF 30 or higher
  • Insect repellent: Insect repellent with DEET or Picaridin
  • Other: Swimsuit, pajamas, toiletries
One Day Hike Kilimanjaro


It is always advisable to pack light when you travel to Tanzania. Find out bellow some extra essentials list when packing for your vacation.


Because safaris occur in open-air vehicles and often include water excursions, you’ll want to be sure your skin is protected from harmful UVA/UVB rays. A good broad-spectrum sunscreen (with SPF of at least 30) is a must. You can also supplement with a sun-protective lip balm or lip gloss that contains SPF. If your expedition involves snorkeling or swimming, bring waterproof sun protection like zinc oxide sunblock or go for a water-resistant option so you don’t have to worry about sweating it off midtrip. And remember, it’s not just UV light you need to protect yourself from in Africa—it’s also exposure to dust, smoke and pollution.


In addition to a camera, you’ll need other equipment that may include binoculars, lenses, a tripod and mosquito repellent. Binoculars are not just for wildlife-watching. You’ll need them if you want close-up views of mountain scenery as well as any animals—big or small—you see along your route. They can also be used in place of or in conjunction with a telephoto lens. You don’t have to invest in top-of-the-line optics; like many other cameras, binoculars come with an adjustment feature that allows you to alter the focus when using them. In terms of lens selection, most safari destinations offer at least one spot where photography is possible: river crossings.

Clothing to Wear In Zanzibar

When sightseeing in Stone Town or exploring areas outside of beach resorts in Zanzibar, it is advisable to dress modestly. Women should avoid wearing sleeveless or revealing tops, as well as short skirts or thigh-high shortsMen should wear shirts and pants or knee-length shorts.

Are you ready for a safari? Discover these stunning Safaris tours !

how hard is to climb

Best Time to Climb Kilimanjaro

Best time to climb Kilimanjaro

The Best Time to Climb Kilimanjaro is during the driest and warmest times of the year, which fall between December to mid-March and mid-June to the end of October. However, keep in mind that these periods are also the busiest for Kilimanjaro climbers.

In this guide, we’ll provide a breakdown of Kilimanjaro’s climbing season, alternative off-peak times to consider, and periods to avoid. We’ll also discuss other key factors to keep in mind as you plan your Mount Kilimanjaro adventure.

Best time to climb Kilimanjaro

The Best Month by month to climb Kilimanajaro

Best time to climb Kilimanjaro

Best time to Climb Kilimanjaro During Full Moon

Ascending Mount Kilimanjaro during a full moon offers an unparalleled experience, as the summit and its breathtaking glaciers are illuminated by the bright moonlight, creating stunning views. In addition to the aesthetic benefits, trekking during this time also provides greater visibility throughout the climb, particularly during the final ascent to Uhuru Peak.

While it’s not necessary to summit on the exact date of the full moon to enjoy the benefits of the moonlight, many climbers plan their trek to coincide with this monthly celestial event. To do so, a seven-day climb should begin five days before the full moon date, while an eight-day climb should start six days prior. These full moon summit dates are highly popular and tend to book up quickly, so it’s advisable to book well in advance.

However, if you prefer a less crowded experience and the opportunity to enjoy a star-filled sky, it may be best to avoid the full moon period altogether. By departing on an “off” day, such as Tuesday or Wednesday, you can also avoid the peak weekend traffic on the mountain. Ultimately, whether or not you choose to summit during a full moon, the majestic beauty of Kilimanjaro is an experience that will stay with you forever.

Important Considerations for Climbing Kilimanjaro

It’s important to keep in mind that the time of year and weather are not the only factors that will affect your Kilimanjaro climb. There are several other variables that you should consider when planning your ascent of Africa’s highest peak. Here are some additional factors that you may want to explore before you decide on the best time to climb Kilimanjaro:

Choosing the Best Kilimanjaro Route

When considering climbing Mount Kilimanjaro, it’s important to choose the best route for your skill level and preferences. The three most popular routes are the Machame, Lemosho, and Rongai routes, each with their own advantages and disadvantages.

The Machame Route is a popular choice as it offers a shorter trekking duration, but it’s also more challenging than the other routes. This route features stunning scenery on the ascent to Uhuru Peak. If you’re interested in this route, you can read our full Mount Kilimanjaro Machame Trek itinerary for more information.

The Lemosho Route is longer and more gradual, making it a great choice for those with limited trekking experience. This route is also less popular, but equally beautiful. We highly recommend it for those taking on the Kilimanjaro challenge. You can find out more about this route in our full Mount Kilimanjaro Lemosho Trek itinerary.

The remote Rongai Route approaches the summit from the north, on Kenya’s side of Kilimanjaro. This route is less popular, but it offers options of faster or gradual ascents. Additionally, you may be treated to sightings of big game, such as antelope, elephant, and buffalo. If you’re interested in this route, please contact us directly to inquire about it.

Weather Conditions

Kilimanjaro is situated near the equator and experiences two main seasons: dry and rainy. Climbing during the dry months, which are January through early-March and June through October, is recommended. These months offer clear skies, great views, and comfortable hiking conditions. 


The temperatures on the mountain vary based on the seasons and different climate zones. The summit zone is considered “Arctic,” and temperatures drop well below freezing throughout the year. The coldest months are usually December to March and June, just after the rains, with a good chance of snow on the summit. This reduces the number of visitors, making it less crowded than July through August, which is the busiest time.

Rain Rainy season

Kilimanjaro experiences two distinct wet seasons: long rains from the end of March through May, and short rains in November. April and November typically have the highest rainfall, but this can vary. Climbing during the rainy season can be challenging, as conditions can be wet, stormy, and muddy, particularly on the southern face of the mountain.

It’s essential to consider the weather and temperature conditions when planning to climb Kilimanjaro to ensure a safe and comfortable climb.

Consider the Crowds: Number of climbers on Kilimanjaro

As Kilimanjaro continues to gain popularity, the number of climbers on the mountain increases, especially during the favorable weather of January to early March and June to October. The Marangu and Machame routes are the busiest, while the Northern Circuits, Rongai, or Lemosho offer a less crowded experience with stunning views.

Toilets at campsites can get overcrowded during busy times, but our climbers can use private toilet tents, used exclusively by our group. Despite the crowds, climbers often form lifelong friendships with other climbers they meet on the mountain.

If you prefer to avoid crowds, the shoulder seasons just before and after the rains are the quietest times of year, but you should be prepared for the possibility of rain. Climbing during the height of the rainy season (April/May and November) is not recommended, but you could opt for the routes on the northern side of the mountain, which receive less rainfall and are more sheltered.

Kilimanjaro Safety & Trail Conditions

Safety is our top priority when it comes to climbing Kilimanjaro. As a hiker, you may be accustomed to challenging trails and slippery conditions, but for inexperienced climbers, we recommend avoiding the rainy season to minimize discomfort and ensure a safe ascent.

The lower slopes, especially through the forested areas, can become muddy and slippery, while the higher altitudes present rocky and sometimes treacherous terrain. Our experienced guides are familiar with all weather conditions on Kilimanjaro and remain flexible to adjust the itinerary when necessary for your safety and comfort.

Ascending Kilimanjaro means dealing with altitude effects, and getting wet increases the risk of hypothermia. That’s why we emphasize the importance of keeping your gear dry and avoiding getting soaked, especially during rainy periods. We recommend using high-quality, waterproof gear, particularly on less challenging itineraries. Be sure to store your gear in waterproof bags, avoiding plastic bags, which are banned by the Tanzanian government.

Note: the Tanzanian government has banned the use of all plastic bags, so please don’t use garbage bags or ziploc bags to store any of your gear. 

best time to climb mount Kilimanjaro

If you’d like to climb Mount Kilimanjaro, call our africa bucket list  Specialists for a chat about your dream trip or fill out our no-obligation enquiry form.

How hard is it to climb Mount kilimanjaro

If you happened to meet people who have successfully climbed and reached the top of Mount Kilimanjaro, they will probably say “Kilimanjaro is the hardest thing I’ve ever done especially the summit night”. And couple years later you will see the same person bringing friends along with him to do it again. We know by experience that the hardest part of Climbing Kilimanjaro is the summit night. You will face the very cold weather with temperature going under -15is the coldest with 49% less oxygen and a descent of nearly 6,870ft. So how hard is it to climb Mount Kilimanjaro ? There is no yes it hard or no it’s not hard, we would say that it depends on many factors, and most of the time is very individual. Let’s dig into those factors to give you a better indication on how hard it is to climb Mount Kilimanjaro.

The Facts About Climbing Mount Kilimanjaro

It’s impossible to say exactly how hard it is to climb Mt. Kilimanjaro because there are so many factors, including your fitness level, how long you’ve been preparing for your trip and even your travel company (some are better than others). However, we can tell you that Mount Kilimanjaro should not be taken lightly. This climb requires both physical and mental strength. And while there aren’t any technical aspects to worry about on Kili, difficulty level lies in its altitude—which means you must be prepared for life at high altitudes. In fact, acclimatization is one of Kili’s most critical components.

how hard is it to climb mount Kilimanjaro

The Best Route for Climbing

Planning your route for climbing Mount Kilimanjaro can be difficult. Climbing routes are influenced by several factors, including weather conditions, timing, ability level and more. That’s why it’s important to select a climb that matches your experience and ability level. For example, a beginner may want to start off with an easier climb like Marangu, which takes between five and six days to complete. Climbers who have climbed other peaks like Denali or Elbrus may choose an alternative route known as Rongai Route; it’s one of the easiest but still offers stunning views.

How to deal with sickness Altitude on Mount Kilimanjaro

One of the toughest challenges of climbing Kilimanjaro is coping with the high altitude. Adjusting to the thin air while trekking long distances sets Kilimanjaro apart from your average hiking adventure. Altitude training is a crucial part of your preparation, although its effectiveness can vary.

Opting for a longer route, spanning over six days or more, provides your body with ample time to acclimatize. It also allows for necessary rest and recovery, without the pressure of rushing to cover the miles. Remember, it’s important to maintain a slow pace during the climb. Your guide will often remind you with the Swahili phrase “Pole pole,” meaning “slowly slowly.” By conserving your energy and avoiding exhaustion, you increase your chances of proper acclimatization. Remember, it’s not a race!

If needed, you can discuss with your doctor the possibility of taking Diamox, a medication that aids acclimatization. A prescription is required for it.

best to to Climb Mount Kilimanjaro

Unpredictable Weather Conditions

The weather on Kilimanjaro can be highly unpredictable, adding another layer of challenge to the climb. Climbers may encounter extreme temperatures, ranging from scorching heat during the day to freezing cold at night. Heavy rainfall and strong winds are also common on the mountain. It is essential for climbers to pack suitable clothing and equipment to protect themselves from the elements and ensure their safety throughout the journey.

Mental Stamina and Determination

Climbing Kilimanjaro is not only a physical test but also a mental challenge. The climb can be mentally demanding, requiring perseverance, determination, and a positive mindset. As climbers face fatigue, discomfort, and the possibility of altitude sickness, maintaining mental strength becomes crucial to overcome the obstacles that arise along the way. Proper mental preparation, such as visualization and goal setting, can greatly enhance a climber’s chances of success.

Safety Precautions and Expert Guidance

Ensuring safety during a Kilimanjaro climb is paramount. It is highly recommended to climb with an experienced guide or join a reputable trekking company. Expert guides have extensive knowledge of the mountain, including its routes, weather patterns, and safety procedures. They can provide valuable guidance and support throughout the journey, increasing the chances of a safe and successful climb.

Your Physical Fitness

Your physical fitness is another essential aspect to consider. While you don’t need to be an ultra-marathon runner, you should be prepared to hike uphill for multiple hours each day, carrying a weighted backpack. Keep in mind that the slow pace of the climb might make you think it’s too easy if it weren’t for the altitude!

Our advice is to strive for the highest level of fitness possible, after consulting with your doctor.

If you do have any questions about how hard it is to climb Kilimanjaro? Our expert guide are ready to answer them for you! Have you climbed Kilimanjaro ? pleas drop your experience and share your personal advise !